FDA to Consider Zuranolone for Main Depressive Dysfunction, Postpartum Melancholy

Zuranolone is a rapid-acting, once-daily, 14-day oral quick course remedy for grownup sufferers with main depressive dysfunction and postpartum melancholy.

Biogen Inc and Sage Therapeutics have accomplished a rolling submission to the FDA of a New Drug Software for zuranolone for the therapy of main depressive dysfunction (MDD) and postpartum melancholy (PPD). The investigational drug is being evaluated as a rapid-acting, once-daily, 14-day oral quick course remedy for grownup sufferers with MDD and PPD.

The NDA submission for zuranolone consists of information from the LANDSCAPE and NEST medical growth packages. The LANDSCAPE program consists of 5 research (MDD-201B, MOUNTAIN, SHORELINE, WATERFALL, and CORAL) of zuranolone carried out in grownup sufferers with MDD. The NEST program consists of 2 research (ROBIN and SKYLARK) of zuranolone in grownup ladies with PPD.

“Primarily based on the info within the LANDSCAPE and NEST packages, we consider that zuranolone has the potential to be a significant new remedy for melancholy,” Priya Singhal, MD, MPH, head of International Security and Regulatory Sciences and interim head of R&D at Biogen, stated in a press launch. “We look ahead to working with the FDA as this submitting progresses.”

Zuranolone is a neuroactive steroid with a novel mechanism of motion as a constructive allosteric modulator of GABA-A receptors. In sufferers with melancholy, zuranolone might assist to quickly rebalance dysregulated neuronal networks to assist enhance mind operate. The drug targets mind networks which can be liable for features reminiscent of temper, arousal, conduct, and cognition.

To date, zuranolone has proven fast and sustained enchancment of depressive signs and has been discovered typically well-tolerated with a constant security profile. The FDA granted zuranolone with Quick Observe Designation in 2017 and Breakthrough Remedy Designation in 2018 for MDD. The FDA granted Quick Observe Designation to zuranolone for PPD in 2022.

On the 2022 Psych Congress in September, 11 new analyses confirmed the potential of the medicine to enhance the signs of melancholy. The continued open-label, longitudinal SHORELINE examine in sufferers with MDD (30 mg cohort, 50 mg cohort) discovered the median time to the primary repeat therapy course for sufferers who responded to the preliminary 14-day therapy course was 135 days for the finished 30 mg cohort and 249 days for the continued 50 mg cohort.

The analysis additional helps zuranolone as a possible episodic therapy for folks with MDD, based on the examine authors. A few of the key findings from the finished 30 mg cohort of the SHORELINE examine, different medical information and well being economics and outcomes analysis, and affected person survey, included:

  • Within the 30 mg cohort of the SHORELINE examine of sufferers with elevated nervousness and with out elevated nervousness, there was a imply discount within the 17-item Hamilton Ranking Scale for Melancholy (HAMD-17) complete rating from baseline to day 15. Amongst sufferers with an HAMD-17 response at day 15 and who continued within the examine past day 28, scores remained beneath baseline by means of day 70 unbiased of the presence of elevated nervousness at baseline.
  • Amongst sufferers with and with out elevated nervousness within the 30 mg cohort of the SHORELINE examine who responded to the preliminary 14-day therapy at day 15, roughly 70% acquired 1 or 2 complete therapy programs by means of their time within the examine.
  • In sufferers who achieved 1 12 months of follow-up in each cohorts of the SHORELINE examine, most had minimal or delicate depressive signs on the finish of the examine, as assessed by the Medical International Impressions-Severity scale.
  • Zuranolone was typically well-tolerated with a security profile in line with prior medical research, with the commonest antagonistic occasions (AEs) related to zuranolone together with headache, somnolence, dizziness, and sedation.
  • Information from a post-hoc evaluation of 4 research within the LANDSCAPE program demonstrated that enhancements in depressive signs with zuranolone at day 15 had been sustained past the tip of therapy.
  • A post-hoc evaluation of the WATERFALL examine in MDD evaluated the statistically vital discount in depressive signs as measured by HAMD-17 at day 15, in addition to fast onset noticed at day 3 and day 8 with zuranolone 50 mg versus placebo. This advised that the variations had been clinically significant by estimates of minimal essential distinction, based on the examine authors.
  • Outcomes from a cross-sectional survey of US adults with melancholy discovered unmet wants within the therapy of MDD. The traits most respondents rated as very or extraordinarily essential had been stopping recurrence of melancholy signs, fewer AEs, a therapy supported by a physique of analysis on security and efficacy, having the ability to discontinue a drug with out withdrawal signs, fast-acting, and will be repeated if signs recur.
  • The well being economics information confirmed that sufferers with MDD given a prescription for nervousness medicine incurred greater than double the annual all-cause well being care prices than these with out an nervousness prescription medicine.

“Psychological well being is a extremely underserved space with an pressing unmet want for progressive therapies. We have to rethink how MDD and PPD are handled. Present therapies usually take weeks to months to offer symptom aid, and sufferers might have to cycle by means of a number of therapy choices to completely tackle their signs. Individuals with MDD and PPD deserve higher,” Laura Gault, MD, PhD, chief medical officer at Sage, stated in a press launch. “We consider that zuranolone, if accepted, might evolve the way in which melancholy is handled and this submission brings us one step nearer to that objective.”


Biogen and Sage Therapeutics Full Rolling Submission of New Drug Software for Zuranolone within the Therapy of Main Depressive Dysfunction and Postpartum Melancholy. Biogen Inc. Information launch. December 6, 2022. http://media.biogen.com/news-releases/news-release-details/biogen-and-sage-therapeutics-complete-rolling-submission-new


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